1945 November:- Building of Dundee Camperdown Factory begins.
1946 Dundee Manufacturing Plant goes into production. Class 100, 1500 and 6000 Cash
Registers and NCR adding Machines.
1947 11 June 1947 Camperdown Factory Dundee officially opened by Sir Stafford Cripps
1949 April Dundee Beechwood factory opens
Late 1940's NCR engineers created magnetic memory drums attached to accounting machines,
various electronic digital displays and indicators and signature verification systems
using video signals.
1952 Dundee Dryburgh factory opens.
1952 NCR acquired Computer Research Corporation of Hawthorne, California. CRC produced
a line of digital computers with applications in aviation.
1953 NCR established the Electronics Division to continue to pursue electronic applications
for business machines.
1954 NCR Country Club opened in Dayton with two golf courses and a clubhouse. NCR
carbonless paper was introduced.
1956 NCR Post-Tronic, the first product with automated features, was unveiled to
the banking industry.
1957 Stanley C. Allyn became chairman of the board.
1959 The NCR 304 system, the industry's first all transistorised, or solid state,
computer for general business was marketed.
1960 The NCR 390 was the first low-cost, mass - marketed computer. It used punched
tape recorders for original data entry.
1960 The 420 optical scanner system was introduced. It read the entered data from
cash register journals and accounting machine tapes. The NCR 315 computer with random-access
memory, and later, all - thin - film rod memory, was introduced. Early 1960's Research
into silicon - chip technology began.
1961 Dec 8th Topping out ceremony of the new Head Office extension
1962 Robert S. Oelman became chairman of the board.
1962 55,000 employees in 120 countries.
Jan:- Elstree Printing Division takes over additional building.
Jan:- New Neasden Warehouse, (Transport, Order & Shipping and the Electronics Bureau).
Jan:- S.J.Conway appointed Managing Director NCR U.K
N.T.Carne appointed managing Director Scottish Factories
March:- Class 445 Sterling Computronic Introduced.
March:- Dundee Dunsinane factory opens.
May:- Bournemouth Office opens
Aug:- Company Logo changes from the National cog wheel to the NCR blocks.
Oct:- Dundee made Class D100 and Class 96 machines introduced.
A Short Time Line History of Our British Organization.
1879 James Ritty, a Dayton Saloon-keeper invented and patented the first cash register
after seeing the engine room telegraph on a voyage to England in 1878.. Invention
sold to J.H. Eckert for $1000.
1881 Invention sold to the National Manufacturing Company, which was owned by seven
1882 John Patterson purchased 4 cash registers from the National Manufacturing Company,
for his Coal Business.
1883 John & Frank Patterson bought fifty shares for $2500 and then sold 28 keeping
1884 Controlling interest in the National Manufacturing Company bought by John Patterson
1884 Nov 22nd John H. Patterson took over the management and changed the name to
the National Cash Register Company - later to become the NCR Corporation. The first
office, with thirteen employees, was located in the Callahan Power Building, in Dayton,
1885 March 19th.William Parnall of Bristol from a family of shopfitters was appointed
the first Sales Agent in England.
1885 Englishman, J. W. Allison viewed the self-adding cash register at a Chicago
exhibition and learned that the machine could be adapted for English currency. He
was so impressed, he became NCR's first international agent based in Liverpool. Wm.
Parnall appointed sales agent for Bristol.
1886 J.W. Allinson appointed sales agent for Great Britain, France, Belgium and Holland.
First London office established in one room at 95 The Strand by Allinson under the
name of the "National Cash Register Till Co"..
First Cash Registers to be used in Great Britain at the refreshment stands at the
International Exposition, Liverpool.
1889 London office moved to 356 The Strand.
Mid-to-late 1880's Innovative sales techniques were instituted: guaranteed sales
territories, quota and point systems, sales conventions, conservative dress. Also,
advertising, direct-mail, publications for agents, customers and employees were instituted
on a massive scale.
1888 The first company-owned factory was established on the Patterson farm land on
the south side of Dayton.
1891 Allinson's territory limited to Great Britain.
1892 Sales agents memorised the NCR Primer, a book containing a sales presentation
with proven results. Formal sales classes were established.
1894 Employee Benefit Programmes began with hot lunches, a 'glass' factory to improve
lighting and ventilation, baths, showers, execs programmes, social and professional
clubs, and many more.
1895 NCR Suggestion System was established to encourage employee ideas for improving
products and operations. Gold was awarded to suggestion winners.
Mid 1890's "Think!" signs were erected in factory buildings, sales offices, and club
1895 National Cash Register Company Ltd (Great Britain) founded on 8 November with
a capital of £5000 at 337 The Strand, London
1898 First international convention for overseas sales agents was held in Dayton.
1899 Strand office moved to four storey building at 124 Oxford Street with additional
accommodation at 2 Wells Street.
1901 Company logo changed
1904 Head Office moved to 223-226 Tottenham Court Road later extending into 22 Store
1906 Charles F. Kettering designed the first cash register powered by an electric
motor. Within a few years, he developed the class 1000 register which was in production
for 40 years, and the OK. Telephone Credit Authorisation system for verifying credit
in department stores.
1911 One millionth cash register was sold in NCR's 27th year of business.
1913 NCR saved many lives during the great flood in Dayton. John Patterson ordered
flat bottom boats made by company carpenters; a tent city was erected for the homeless;
and food and medical care were dispensed. Patterson successfully headed a million
dollar relief fund.
1921 The class 2000 accounting machine with thirty totalisers was introduced. Models
were marketed up to 1973, making the 2000 the longest-lived of any NCR products.
Frederick Beck Patterson, John Patterson's son, was named president, and his father,
chairman, a year before the founder's death in 1922.
1926 NCR became publicly owned and was incorporated in the State of Maryland.
1929 The Ellis Adding - Typewriter Company was acquired. The class 3000 accounting
machine was developed from the Ellis model having a keyboard to input a narrative
description of entries, as well as adding, subtracting and printing features.
1931 Colonel Edward A. Deeds returned to NCR to become chairman of the board. He
had left the company in 1915 to help manage Delco, a company formed with Charles
Kettering. He also co-founded the Wright Airplane Company with Orville Wright and
1934 NCR's Golden Jubilee was celebrated with a "gold prospecting" sales contest
at world wide offices.
1936 British Head Office moved to 206-216 Marylebone Road, London.
1938 The first electronics research began in NCR Electrical Department. The research
team produced a counting device using vacuum tubes by 1942.
1939 Construction on Old River recreational park, near the Dayton headquarters, was
1943 Adding machines expanded the product line with the purchase of the Allan - Wales
Adding Machine Corporation in Ithaca, New York.
1944 The first annual meeting of the NCR 25 year club was held in Dayton.
1963 Jan:- Introduction of the Dundee Built class 29 Post-Tronic bank Posting machine.
Feb:- NCR and Ohio Bell pioneer first "On-line" computer transaction processing via
the TELSTAR satellite.
Dec 1963 Dundeed built Class 480 Magnetic Encoder Introduced.
1966 PCMI Microfilm Systems was established.
1967 The NCR Century series was introduced; the 5000th Century system
was installed in 1974.
1969 MOS/LSI circuitry for computer terminals was announced.
1970 Microelectronics Division was established. Encapsulation technology was announced.
1972 William S. Anderson became president and was named chief executive officer.
1973. The 10 millionth machine, the NCR 280, was manufactured.
1974 Anderson became chairman of the board. NCR Corporation became the company's
1976 Charles E. Exley Jr. became president. New World Headquarters in Dayton, was
The NCR Criterion series was announced.
NCR acquired Data Pathing Inc. to gain a position in factory data entry and processing
1978 NCR acquired Quantor Corporation to gain computer output microfiche capabilities.
1979 NCR acquired Comten Inc. a leading force in data communications technology.
1980 NCR acquired Applied Digital Data Systems Inc. (ADDS), a leading supplier of
high quality video display computer terminals.
1981 NCR entered the word processing market with the WorkSaver product line.
OEM Systems Division was established and NCR's Microelectronics Division entered
the merchant market for semiconductors.
1982 The first NCR TOWER supermicrocomputer system was launched, establishing NCR
as a pioneer in bringing industry standards and open systems architecture to the
1983 Charles E. Exley Jr. was named chief executive officer.
NCR's first personal computer was released.
NCR 9300, the industry's first 32-bit VLSI mainframe, was released.
1984 NCR celebrated its 100th anniversary in the information processing systems industry.
ntinues to provide innovative solutions to every business need.
Charles E. Exley Jr. became chairman and president when William S. Anderson retired.
1985 A Personal Computer Division was formed and several new industry - compatible
personal computer models were introduced.
A 32 bit model was added to the UNIX-based NCR TOWER family and a new generation
of self service automated teller machines was introduced.
1986 NCR announced the;-
* NCR 9800 series, a new generation of computers based on incremental architecture
and NCR's 32 bit microprocessor chip.
* The Comten 5660, a powerful new generation communications processor, was introduced,
as was the
* I-9500 the most powerful member of the I-9000 family of interactive systems.
1987 A company wide program helped make NCR people aware of the company's mission
to "create value for stakeholders".
New products included:
the most powerful NCR TOWER system yet;
a new generation of advanced point-of-sale systems for the retail industry; and
a comprehensive new family of personal computer products.
1988 Gilbert P. Williamson was named president and Charles E. Exley Jr. assumed the
title of chairman and chief executive officer.
The NCR System 10000, a new family of computers utilising NCR's 32 bit processor
technology and ITX operating system, was introduced.
Four new models were added to the NCR TOWER family of super microcomputers.
1990 NCR announced its long term product direction; Open, Cooperative Computing.
Product introductions included:
the NCR System 3000, a family of scaleable, microprocessor-based systems.
NCR COOPERATION, an integrating environment for enterprise-wide computing. and NCR
Open Networking Environment, (ONE), a set of superior networking products.
American Telephone & Telegraph Company announced plans to acquire NCR.
1991 AT&T and NCR signed a definite merger agreement in May, and the merger was completed
on September 19.
the NCR 3600, the most powerful general purpose computer on the market;
NCR Document Management System, a general purpose imaging system based on microprocessor
technology and open, scaleable systems; and the
NCR 3120 notebook computer designed for mobile professionals who want feature-rich
computing both in and outside the office; the NCR 3125, an advanced pen-based notepad
that is the first mobile automation tool with true handwriting-recognition capabilities;
and NCR Fourth Generation Self-Service Systems, which offer retail banks an unprecedented
availability level of up to 99 9%.
Charles E. Exley retired and Gilbert P. Williamson assumed the position of chairman
and chief executive officer. R. Elton White was named president.
1992 Teradata merged with AT&T on February 28 and was functionally integrated into
Groundbreaking on a new development facility for massively parallel computing takes
place in San Diego.
NCR and AT&T recognise one year anniversary of successful high-tech merger.
1992 Democratic National Convention delegates vote using NCR 7054 Integrated Touch
Product introductions included: the
* NCR 3170, successor to the safari notebook computers; the
* 3130 NotePad computer; the
* System 7000 family of MIPS RISC-based symmetric multiprocessing systems running
UNIX System V 4.0; the
* NCR 3225, a low cost entry-level personal computer; the
* 5688 drive-up ATM; and new
* ATMs capable of reading AT&T smart cards.
1995 - Lars Nyberg appointed chairman and CEO of AT&T GIS
1995 - AT&T announces spin-off of AT&T GIS by the end of 1996.
1995 - NCR becomes a publicly traded company once more.